News & Analysis

See-sawing equity markets, US Dollar strength and stimulus hopes

January 29, 2021

By Lachlan Meakin

Equity markets

Global markets see-sawed from record high to steep declines on an eventful month that saw a new US administration sworn in, promises of record stimulus in the US and the FOMC spoiling the party somewhat.

Global equities

Major Indices in the US and Europe saw record highs this month on the hopes of fresh stimulus from the US and signs the world economy recovering from the COVID pandemic induced recession. As the month went on though it became clear neither of these was a certainty and we saw prices whipsaw and a decoupling of major Indices that saw some outperform while others struggled.

Source: GO MT4

US Markets 

January saw record highs reached in the Dow Jones, S&P 500 and NASDAQ indices. With a new administration promising unprecedented stimulus we saw the best post-inauguration day rally in 40 years, the euphoria waned coming to the end of the month and with 1 trading day left both the Dow and S&P are flat for the month.

The NASDAQ outperformed, dragged up by impressive earnings results from Index heavyweights Tesla, Microsoft, Apple, Netflix and Intel.

Asian Markets

Asian markets performed well in January with the big winner being the Hang Seng (HK50) up almost 5% month to date.

Hong Kong’s GDP likely contracted in 2020 for the second straight year, caused in no small part by pro-democracy protests in 2019 and COVID in 2020. But with a big GDP rebound forecast for 2021 and hunger from Chinese investors in stocks such as China Mobile and Xiaomi (whose US listings are in limbo)  the Hang Seng is forecast to be a top performer this year.


The ASX 200 put in a decent month, rallying over 1%. With lockdowns eased across the country and continued government measures to stimulate the economy we saw impressive rebounds in employment figures and CPI readings this month, fuelling hopes we are in an economic recovery phase and on the road back to pre COVID economic activity.

While Australian real GDP is expected to decline by 2.7% in 2020-21, analysts expect GDP to recover over the second half of 2020-21, and rebound to grow by 4.7% in 2021-22.

Source: GO MT4

Forex Markets

January saw US Dollar strengthen with the Greenback outperforming all major currencies with the notable exception of the GBP.

Source: Bloomberg

The US Dollar index has had a rough 12 months with a COVID ravaged economy seeing the greenback as being less of a safe haven.

Vaccine rollouts, a new administration promising to strengthen the economy with major stimulus, a less dovish FOMC statement and a technical bounce off support levels established in 2018 all combined to get buyers interested in the USD.

Source: GO MT4

British Pound

2021 is expected by analysts to be the year of the vaccine, in which the currency of the economy that is unlocked first is the currency that is sought.

With the UK on track to vaccinate around 14 million people against COVID-19 by the middle of February analysts believe “Sterling might find itself in the unusual position of being a hero among major currencies” if this is achieved.

Adding to that according to The CFTC’s most recent Commitment of Traders Report traders are piling into the pound after a year of being net short GBP.



After 3 months of an eye-watering rally January is the month where bitcoin momentum stalled.

January saw a range of an all time high of $42,000 USD to a low of around $28,000 showing that while upward momentum has stalled, volatility is still high.

Analysts are split on the cause of Bitcoins with opinions ranging from a less dovish FOMC reducing incentives for those buying BTC as an inflation hedge to traders taking profit ahead of the Jan. 29 futures’ expiry, where $4.9 billion worth of futures contracts will expire.

Bitcoin still has some institutional interest with legendary Bridgewater founder Ray Dalio indicating his interest and a warning regarding the cryptocurrency to his clients.

Source: Twitter


Spot Gold prices dropped around 3% January with the impressive rally of the first half of 2020 well and truly stalling at these levels.

The safe haven rally seems to be over with gold price movements in line with the broader market and highly inversely correlated with US dollar strength/weakness.

This is expected to be the case going forward if economies improve and economic growth returns to pre COVID levels during 2021 as forecast.

Source: GO MT4

By Lachlan Meakin

Disclaimer: The articles are from GO Markets analysts,  based on their independent analysis or personal experiences. Views or opinions or trading styles expressed are of their own;  should not be taken as either representative of or shared by GO Markets.  Advice (if any),  are of a ‘general’ nature and not based on your personal objectives, financial situation or needs.  You should therefore consider how appropriate the advice (if any) is to your objectives, financial situation and needs, before acting on the advice.  If the advice relates to acquiring a particular financial product, you should obtain and consider the Product Disclosure Statement (PDS) and Financial Services Guide (FSG) for that product before making any decisions.